# Year 3

Number - number and place value

Pupils will be taught to:

• Count from 0 in multiples of 4, 8, 50 and 100; find 10 or 100 more or less than a given number
• Recognise the place value of each digit in a 3-digit number (100s, 10s, 1s)
• Compare and order numbers up to 1,000
• Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations
• Read and write numbers up to 1,000 in numerals and in words
• Solve number problems and practical problems involving these ideas

Pupils will be taught to:

• Add and subtract numbers mentally, including:
• a three-digit number and 1s
• a three-digit number and 10s
• a three-digit number and 100s
• Add and subtract numbers with up to 3 digits, using formal written methods of columnar addition and subtraction
• Estimate the answer to a calculation and use inverse operations to check answers
• Solve problems, including missing number problems, using number facts, place value, and more complex addition and subtraction

Number - multiplication and division

Pupils will be taught to:

• Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 3, 4 and 8 multiplication tables
• Write and calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division using the multiplication tables that they know, including for two-digit numbers times one-digit numbers, using mental and progressing to formal written methods
• Solve problems, including missing number problems, involving multiplication and division, including positive integer scaling problems and correspondence problems in which n objects are connected to m objects

Number - fractions

Pupils will be taught to:

• Count up and down in tenths; recognise that tenths arise from dividing an object into 10 equal parts and in dividing one-digit numbers or quantities by 10
• Recognise, find and write fractions of a discrete set of objects: unit fractions and non-unit fractions with small denominators
• Recognise and use fractions as numbers: unit fractions and non-unit fractions with small denominators
• Recognise and show, using diagrams, equivalent fractions with small denominators
• add and subtract fractions with the same denominator within one whole [for example, 5/7 + 1/7 = 6/7]
• Compare and order unit fractions, and fractions with the same denominators
• Solve problems that involve all of the above

Measurement

Pupils will be taught to:

• Measure, compare, add and subtract: lengths (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml)
• Measure the perimeter of simple 2-D shapes
• Add and subtract amounts of money to give change, using both £ and p in practical contexts
• Tell and write the time from an analogue clock, including using Roman numerals from I to XII, and 12-hour and 24-hour clocks
• Estimate and read time with increasing accuracy to the nearest minute; record and compare time in terms of seconds, minutes and hours; use vocabulary such as o’clock, am/pm, morning, afternoon, noon and midnight
• Know the number of seconds in a minute and the number of days in each month, year and leap year
• Compare durations of events [for example, to calculate the time taken by particular events or tasks]

Geometry - properties of shapes

Pupils will be taught to:

• Draw 2-D shapes and make 3-D shapes using modelling materials; recognise 3-D shapes in different orientations and describe them
• Recognise angles as a property of shape or a description of a turn
• Identify right angles, recognise that 2 right angles make a half-turn, 3 make three-quarters of a turn and 4 a complete turn; identify whether angles are greater than or less than a right angle
• Identify horizontal and vertical lines and pairs of perpendicular and parallel lines

Statistics

Pupils will be taught to:

• Interpret and present data using bar charts, pictograms and tables
• Solve one-step and two-step questions [for example ‘How many more?’ and ‘How many fewer?’] using information presented in scaled bar charts and pictograms and tables

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