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St Andrew's C.E. Primary School

Enriching Lives

Year 2



Pupils will be taught to spell by:

  • Segmenting spoken words into phonemes and representing these by graphemes, spelling many correctly
  • Learning new ways of spelling phonemes for which 1 or more spellings are already known, and learn some words with each spelling, including a few common homophones
  • Learning to spell common exception words
  • Learning to spell more words with contracted forms
  • Learning the possessive apostrophe (singular) [for example, the girl’s book]
  • Distinguishing between homophones and near-homophones
  • Adding suffixes to spell longer words including –ment, –ness, –ful, –less, –ly
  • Applying spelling rules and guidance, as listed in English appendix 1
  • Writing from memory simple sentences dictated by the teacher that include words using the GPCs, common exception words and punctuation taught so far


Pupils should be taught to:

  • Form lower-case letters of the correct size relative to one another
  • Start using some of the diagonal and horizontal strokes needed to join letters and understand which letters, when adjacent to one another, are best left unjoined
  • Write capital letters and digits of the correct size, orientation and relationship to one another and to lower-case letters
  • Use spacing between words that reflects the size of the letters


Writing - composition

Pupils should be taught to:

  • Develop positive attitudes towards and stamina for writing by:
  • Writing narratives about personal experiences and those of others (real and fictional)
  • Writing about real events
  • Writing poetry
  • Writing for different purposes
  • Consider what they are going to write before beginning by:
  • Planning or saying out loud what they are going to write about
  • Writing down ideas and/or key words, including new vocabulary
  • Encapsulating what they want to say, sentence by sentence
  • Make simple additions, revisions and corrections to their own writing by:
  • Evaluating their writing with the teacher and other pupils
  • Rereading to check that their writing makes sense and that verbs to indicate time are used Correctly and consistently, including verbs in the continuous form
  • Proofreading to check for errors in spelling, grammar and punctuation (for example, ends of sentences punctuated correctly)
  • Read aloud what they have written with appropriate intonation to make the meaning clear


Writing - vocabulary, grammar and punctuation

Pupils should be taught to:

  • Develop their understanding of the concepts set out in English appendix 2 by:
  • Learning how to use both familiar and new punctuation correctly - see English appendix 2, Including full stops, capital letters, exclamation marks, question marks, commas for lists and apostrophes for contracted forms and the possessive (singular)
  • Learn how to use:
  • Sentences with different forms: statement, question, exclamation, command
  • Expanded noun phrases to describe and specify [for example, the blue butterfly]
  • The present and past tenses correctly and consistently, including the progressive form
  • subordination (using when, if, that, or because) and co-ordination (using or, and, or but)
  • The grammar for year 2 in English appendix 2
  • Some features of written Standard English
  • Use and understand the grammatical terminology in English appendix 2 in discussing their writing