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St Andrew's C.E. Primary School

Enriching Lives

Year 5 & 6



Pupils will be taught to:

  • Use further prefixes and suffixes and understand the guidance for adding them
  • Spell some words with ‘silent’ letters [for example, knight, psalm, solemn]
  • Continue to distinguish between homophones and other words which are often confused
  • Use knowledge of morphology and etymology in spelling and understand that the spelling of some words needs to be learnt specifically, as listed in English appendix 1
  • Use dictionaries to check the spelling and meaning of words
  • Use the first 3 or 4 letters of a word to check spelling, meaning or both of these in a dictionary
  • Use a thesaurus


Handwriting and presentation

Pupils will be taught to:

  • Write legibly, fluently and with increasing speed by:
  • Choose which shape of a letter to use when given choices and decide whether or not to join specific letters
  • Choose the writing implement that is best suited for a task


Writing - composition

Pupils will be taught to:

  • Plan their writing by:
  • Identifying the audience for and purpose of the writing, selecting the appropriate form and using other similar writing as models for their own
  • Noting and developing initial ideas, drawing on reading and research where necessary
  • In writing narratives, considering how authors have developed characters and settings in what pupils have read, listened to or seen performed
  • Draft and write by:
  • Selecting appropriate grammar and vocabulary, understanding how such choices can change and enhance meaning
  • In narratives, describing settings, characters and atmosphere and integrating dialogue to convey character and advance the action
  • Précising longer passages
  • Using a wide range of devices to build cohesion within and across paragraphs
  • Using further organisational and presentational devices to structure text and to guide the reader [for example, headings, bullet points, underlining]
  • Evaluate and edit by:
  • Assessing the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing
  • Proposing changes to vocabulary, grammar and punctuation to enhance effects and clarify meaning
  • Ensuring the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing
  • Ensuring correct subject and verb agreement when using singular and plural, distinguishing between the language of speech and writing and choosing the appropriate register
  • Proofread for spelling and punctuation errors
  • Perform their own compositions, using appropriate intonation, volume, and movement so that meaning is clear


Writing - vocabulary, grammar and punctuation

Pupils will be taught to:

  • Develop their understanding of the concepts set out in English appendix 2 by:
  • Recognising vocabulary and structures that are appropriate for formal speech and writing, including subjunctive forms
  • Using passive verbs to affect the presentation of information in a sentence
  • Using the perfect form of verbs to mark relationships of time and cause
  • Using expanded noun phrases to convey complicated information concisely
  • Using modal verbs or adverbs to indicate degrees of possibility
  • Using relative clauses beginning with who, which, where, when, whose, that or with an implied (ie omitted) relative pronoun
  • Learning the grammar for years 5 and 6 in English appendix 2
  • Indicate grammatical and other features by:
  • Using commas to clarify meaning or avoid ambiguity in writing
  • Using hyphens to avoid ambiguity
  • Using brackets, dashes or commas to indicate parenthesis
  • Using semicolons, colons or dashes to mark boundaries between independent clauses
  • Using a colon to introduce a list
  • Punctuating bullet points consistently
  • Use and understand the grammatical terminology in English appendix 2 accurately and appropriately in discussing their writing and reading