# Year 6

Number - number and place value

Pupils will be taught to:

• Read, write, order and compare numbers up to 10,000,000 and determine the value of each digit
• Round any whole number to a required degree of accuracy
• Use negative numbers in context, and calculate intervals across 0
• Solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above

Number - addition, subtraction, multiplication and division

Pupils will be taught to:

• Multiply multi-digit numbers up to 4 digits by a two-digit whole number using the formal written method of long multiplication
• Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a two-digit whole number using the formal written method of long division, and interpret remainders as whole number remainders, fractions, or by rounding, as appropriate for the context
• Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a two-digit number using the formal written method of short division where appropriate, interpreting remainders according to the context
• Perform mental calculations, including with mixed operations and large numbers
• Identify common factors, common multiples and prime numbers
• Use their knowledge of the order of operations to carry out calculations involving the 4 operations
• solve addition and subtraction multi-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why
• Solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division
• Use estimation to check answers to calculations and determine, in the context of a problem, an appropriate degree of accuracy

Number - Fractions (including decimals and percentages)

Pupils will be taught to:

• Use common factors to simplify fractions; use common multiples to express fractions in the same denomination
• Compare and order fractions, including fractions >1
• Add and subtract fractions with different denominators and mixed numbers, using the concept of equivalent fractions
• Multiply simple pairs of proper fractions, writing the answer in its simplest form [for example, 1/4 × ½ = 1/8]
• Divide proper fractions by whole numbers [for example, 1/3 ÷ 2 = 1/6]
• Associate a fraction with division and calculate decimal fraction equivalents [for example, 0.375] for a simple fraction [for example, 3/8]
• Identify the value of each digit in numbers given to 3 decimal places and multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100 and 1,000 giving answers up to 3 decimal places
• Multiply one-digit numbers with up to 2 decimal places by whole numbers
• Use written division methods in cases where the answer has up to 2 decimal places
• Solve problems which require answers to be rounded to specified degrees of accuracy
• Recall and use equivalences between simple fractions, decimals and percentages, including in different contexts

Ratio and proportion

Pupils will be taught to:

• Solve problems involving the relative sizes of 2 quantities where missing values can be found by using integer multiplication and division facts
• Solve problems involving the calculation of percentages [for example, of measures and such as 15% of 360] and the use of percentages for comparison
• Solve problems involving similar shapes where the scale factor is known or can be found
• Solve problems involving unequal sharing and grouping using knowledge of fractions and multiples

Algebra

Pupils will be taught to:

• Use simple formulae
• Generate and describe linear number sequences
• Express missing number problems algebraically
• Find pairs of numbers that satisfy an equation with 2 unknowns
• Enumerate possibilities of combinations of 2 variables

Measurement

Pupils will be taught to:

• Solve problems involving the calculation and conversion of units of measure, using decimal notation up to 3 decimal places where appropriate
• Use, read, write and convert between standard units, converting measurements of length, mass, volume and time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation to up to 3 decimal places
• Convert between miles and kilometres
• Recognise that shapes with the same areas can have different perimeters and vice versa
• Recognise when it is possible to use formulae for area and volume of shapes
• Calculate the area of parallelograms and triangles
• Calculate, estimate and compare volume of cubes and cuboids using standard units, including cubic centimetres (cm³) and cubic metres (m³), and extending to other units [for example, mm³ and km³]

Geometry - properties of shapes

Pupils will be taught to:

• Draw 2-D shapes using given dimensions and angles
• Recognise, describe and build simple 3-D shapes, including making nets
• Compare and classify geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes and find unknown angles in any triangles, quadrilaterals, and regular polygons
• Illustrate and name parts of circles, including radius, diameter and circumference and know that the diameter is twice the radius
• Recognise angles where they meet at a point, are on a straight line, or are vertically opposite, and find missing angles

Statistics

Pupils will be taught to:

• Interpret and construct pie charts and line graphs and use these to solve problems
• Calculate and interpret the mean as an average

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